satwk47 report from OIG

Bruno Tilgner (
Sun, 22 Nov 1998 18:53:22 -0500


I am somewhat puzzled to read in the last "Satellite Catalog Action
Report" the following line:

1998-067A    25544 ISS             US     1998/11/20

I know that this module has been financed (largely but perhaps not
entirely) by the US. Why then does it have a Russian name (Zarya)?

I also understand that in launch notifications to the United Nations
it is the legal owner of the payload (not the country that provides
the launcher) that will be named in the official launch announcement.

The notion of legal owner implies responsibility for the space object
as defined in various international treaties.

Can one conclude then that legally Zarya is in fact an American and
not a Russian object which happens to have a Russian name and which
happens to have been launched from Baikonur ?

Bruno Tilgner
Paris, France