A word about the "one-line" format Jonathan has just mentioned: I use it in my files to keep the element sets intact and to facilitate file maintenances operations (sort, uniq, grep, etc). The traditional two- line format can be reconstituted by extracting the left- and right-most 69 characters of the one-line form. In QBASIC, open "oneline" for input as #1 open "twoline" for output as #2 while not eof(1) line input #1, a$ print #2, left$(a$,69) print #2, right$(a$,69) print #2, "" wend close end or its equivalent in perl or whatever. The files as received from OIG appear to have some peculiarities that I'm still learning about. For example, the elements for 1973 seem to have several strange features. I'd appreciate receiving bug reports so I can fix my own processing routines or notify OIG, as appropriate.