Jonathan's Space Report No. 288, 1996 May 28

scubalee@kktv.com
Tue, 28 May 1996 20:47:48 -0500

OW>Jonathan's Space Report
OW>No. 288                     1996 May 28              Cambridge, MA
OW>----------------------------------------------------------------------------
OW>Sender: owner-jsr@head-cfa.harvard.edu
OW>Precedence: bulk

OW>Shuttle and Mir
OW>---------------

OW>OV-105 Endeavour (mission STS-77) was launched on May 19 at 1030 UTC.
OW>The solid rocket boosters (RSRM-47) separated at 1032 UTC, and the main
OW>engines shut down at 1038 UTC, with external tank ET-78 jettisoned
OW>shortly afterwards, to place the Orbiter in an elliptical transfer
OW>orbit. This was the first launch to use three of the improved Block I
OW>engines. The two smaller OMS engines were fired at apogee at 1112 UTC,
OW>circularizing the orbit. At 1214 UTC opening of the payload bay doors
OW>was complete and Endeavour was declared 'Go for Orbit Ops' in a 280 x
OW>290 km x 39.0 deg orbit.

OW>On May 20 at 1129 UTC the Spartan 207 satellite was deployed from the
OW>robot arm. Endeavour moved 120 m from the satellite, and at 1338 UTC the
OW>Spartan began deploying the Inflatable Antenna Experiment (IAE). Three
OW>28-m booms inflated to push the dish away from the satellite; the dish
OW>then inflated to make a 14-m diameter parabolic antenna. The Spartan/IAE
OW>was observed to tumble slowly. The IAE was jettisoned at 1458 UTC (?) on
OW>May 20. A day later at 1453 UTC on May 21, Canadian astronaut Marc
OW>Garneau used the RMS arm to retrieve Spartan 207 from orbit, together
OW>with its cameras which had filmed the IAE deployment.

OW>On May 22 at 1018 UTC the PAMS STU (Satellite Test Unit) was ejected
OW>from the TEAMS MPESS bridge in the Shuttle's payload bay. PAMS-STU is
OW>intended to test out a passive aerodynamic stabilization and magnetic
OW>damping system. At around 1500 UTC Endeavour returned to PAMS-STU in the
OW>first of three rendezvous operations with the small satellite. A second
OW>rendezvous was conducted on May 25 and the third on May 27.

OW>Meanwhile, aboard the Mir complex, the EO-21 commander Yuriy Onufrienko
OW>and flight engineer 1 Yuriy Usachyov made a spacewalk on May 24 at on
OW>May 20 at 2250 UTC. The cosmonauts removed the US/Russian Mir
OW>Cooperative Solar Array (MCSA) from its location on the exterior of the
OW>316GK Stikovochnoy Otsek (Docking Compartment) and carried it to the
OW>other end of  the complex using the Strela-2 crane. The MCSA was
OW>attached to the 37KE Kvant module, opposite another panel which was
OW>added last year. The EVA concluded at 0410 UTC on May 21 after 5h 20m.
OW>The second spacewalk began on May 24 at 2047 UTC. Onufrienko and
OW>Usachyov completed the installation of the MCSA and connected it
OW>electrically. The spacewalk was concluded on May 25 at 0230 UTC. The
OW>MCSA panel was deployed from its initial folded configuration on  May
OW>25. (Source: C. v.d.Berg's Mir News).

OW>Columbia was transferred to the VAB on May 21 and was mated
OW>to the external tank for STS-78 on May 22.

OW>Recent Launches
OW>---------------

OW>Orbital Sciences Corp. has had another launch success, placing the DoD's
OW>MSTI-3 satellite in orbit aboard a Pegasus. The Lockheed L-1011 carrier
OW>aircraft took off from Vandenberg Air Force Base's runway 30/12 and
OW>proceeded to the drop point at 36 deg 0 min N, 123 deg 0 min W over the
OW>Pacific. The Pegasus rocket was released and a few seconds later ignited
OW>the first of its three stages. It is the 'Pegasus Hybrid' version,
OW>a standard Pegasus with modified fins to accommodate the L-1011 carrier
OW>plane instead of the original B-52. 

OW>MSTI 3 will test out new sensor technology for ballistic missile
OW>defense. The satellite is built by Spectrum Astro Inc, and carries three
OW>sensors: a mid wave IR camera, a short wave IR camera, and a visible
OW>imaging spectrometer. Its goal is to study the IR emission from the
OW>Earth to determine if tactical ballistic missiles can be spotted during
OW>their coast phase against the bright Earth background. Initial checkout
OW>of the satellite is reported to have gone well.

OW>The Galaxy 9 comsat was launched on May 23 by a  McDonnell Douglas Delta
OW>7925 rocket from Cape Canaveral. The Hughes HS-376 satellite will
OW>provide communications for the Hughes Galaxy network.
OW>It has 24 C-band transponders which will be
OW>used for cable TV feeds.

OW>The Russian Space Forces launched a Krunichev Proton-K rocket on
OW>May 25 with an RKK Energiya Blok DM-2 upper stage. The vehicle placed
OW>an NPO Prikladnoi Mekhaniki `Gorizont' communications satellite
OW>in orbit, reportedly nicknamed `Prezidentskiy' since it will provide coverag
OW>of the Russian presidential election campaign to Western Siberia and the
OW>Ural region.

OW>The initial orbit of the putative USA 119 payload, as derived by Rainer
OW>Kracht from  amateur observations, was 312 x 622 km x 63.4 deg. The
OW>payload was later found to have moved to a 1050 x 1150 km x 63.4 deg
OW>orbit, characteristic of the US Navy ocean surveillance triplet
OW>spacecraft. Four objects have been cataloged by Space Command, including
OW>1996-29D = USA-122, but no orbital data have been officially released.

OW>The Italian Satellite per Astronomia a raggi X has been renamed
OW>BeppoSAX in honor of Guiseppe 'Beppo' Occhialini, a pioneer in Italian
OW>gamma ray and cosmic ray astronomy.

OW>The McDonnell Douglas/NASA DC-XA reusable vertical-landing rocket
OW>made its first flight from White Sands on May 18, reaching an apogee of 240 

OW>Table of Recent Launches
OW>------------------------
OW>Date UT       Name            Launch Vehicle  Site            Mission    INT
OW>                                                                           D

OW>Apr  3 2301   Inmarsat III F1  Atlas IIA      Canaveral LC36  Comsat      20
OW>Apr  8 2309   Astra 1F         Proton-K/DM3   Baykonur LC81   Comsat      21
OW>Apr 20 2236   M-SAT 1          Ariane 42P     Kourou ELA2     Comsat      22
OW>Apr 23 1148   Priroda          Proton-K       Baykonur LC81   Spaceship   23
OW>Apr 24 1227   MSX              Delta 7920     Vandenberg SLC2W Mil.tech.  24
OW>Apr 24 1303   Kosmos-2332      Kosmos-3M      Plesetsk        Radar cal   25
OW>Apr 24 2337   USA-118          Titan 401      Canaveral LC41  Sigint      26
OW>Apr 30 0431   BeppoSAX         Atlas I        Canaveral LC36B Astronomy   27
OW>May  5 0704   Progress M-31    Soyuz-U        Baykonur LC1    Cargo       28
OW>May 12 2132   USA-119          Titan 403?     Vandenberg SLC4E Recon?     29
OW>              USA-120?                                                    29
OW>              USA-121?                                                    29
OW>              USA-122                                                     29
OW>May 14        Kometa?          Soyuz-U        Baykonur LC31   Recon       FT
OW>May 16 0156   Palapa C2   )    Ariane 44L     Kourou ELA2     Comsat      30
OW>              AMOS        )                                   Comsat      30
OW>May 17 0244   MSTI-3           Pegasus        L-1011,Pacific  Technology  31
OW>May 19 1030   Endeavour        Shuttle        Kennedy LC39B   Spaceship   32
OW>              Spartan 207                                     Technology  32
OW>              IAE                                             Technology  32
OW>              PAMS STU                                        Technology  32
OW>May 23 2310   Galaxy 9         Delta 7925     Canaveral LC17B Comsat      33
OW>May 25        Gorizont         Proton-K/DM2   Baykonur        Comsat      34



OW>Payloads no longer in orbit
OW>--------------------------

OW>May 13        Kosmos-2293
OW>May 22        IAE


OW>Current Shuttle Processing Status
OW>____________________________________________

OW>Orbiters               Location   Mission    Launch Due
OW>                                           
OW>OV-102 Columbia        VAB Bay 3     STS-78  Jun 27
OW>OV-103 Discovery       Palmdale      OMDP
OW>OV-104 Atlantis        OPF Bay 1     STS-79  Jul 31
OW>OV-105 Endeavour       On orbit      STS-77  
OW>                                          
OW>ML/SRB/ET/OV stacks                       
OW>                  
OW>ML1/                    LC39B
OW>ML2/RSRM-54             VAB Bay 1      STS-79
OW>ML3/RSRM-55/ET-79/OV102 VAB Bay 3      STS-78

OW>.-------------------------------------------------------------------------.
OW>|  Jonathan McDowell                 |  phone : (617) 495-7176            |
OW>|  Harvard-Smithsonian Center for    |                                    |
OW>|   Astrophysics                     |                                    |
OW>|  60 Garden St, MS6                 |                                    |
OW>|  Cambridge MA 02138                |  inter : jcm@urania.harvard.edu    |
OW>|  USA                               |          jmcdowell@cfa.harvard.edu |
OW>|                                                                         |
OW>| JSR: http://hea-www.harvard.edu/QEDT/jcm/space/jsr/jsr.html             |
OW>|      ftp://sao-ftp.harvard.edu/pub/jcm/space/news/news.*                |
OW>'-------------------------------------------------------------------------'
Received: from cfa.harvard.edu [128.103.40.170] by kktv.com with smtp
	id APBHDBCL ; Tue, 28 May 1996 15:23:50 -0500
Received: from head-cfa (head-cfa.harvard.edu [128.103.42.3]) by
cfa.harvard.edu (8.7.5/8.7.3) with SMTP id RAA24632; Tue, 28 May 1996
17:23:52 -0400 (EDT)
From: owner-jsr@head-cfa.harvard.edu
Received: by head-cfa (SMI-8.6/SMI-SVR4)
	id PAA21991; Tue, 28 May 1996 15:55:17 -0400
Date: Tue, 28 May 1996 15:55:17 -0400
Message-Id: <199605281955.PAA21991@head-cfa>
Apparently-To: jsr-outgoing@head-cfa.harvard.edu

Jonathan's Space Report
No. 288                     1996 May 28              Cambridge, MA
------------------------------------------------------------------------
-------
Sender: owner-jsr@head-cfa.harvard.edu
Precedence: bulk

Shuttle and Mir
---------------

OV-105 Endeavour (mission STS-77) was launched on May 19 at 1030 UTC.
The solid rocket boosters (RSRM-47) separated at 1032 UTC, and the main
engines shut down at 1038 UTC, with external tank ET-78 jettisoned
shortly afterwards, to place the Orbiter in an elliptical transfer
orbit. This was the first launch to use three of the improved Block I
engines. The two smaller OMS engines were fired at apogee at 1112 UTC,
circularizing the orbit. At 1214 UTC opening of the payload bay doors
was complete and Endeavour was declared 'Go for Orbit Ops' in a 280 x
290 km x 39.0 deg orbit.

On May 20 at 1129 UTC the Spartan 207 satellite was deployed from the
robot arm. Endeavour moved 120 m from the satellite, and at 1338 UTC the
Spartan began deploying the Inflatable Antenna Experiment (IAE). Three
28-m booms inflated to push the dish away from the satellite; the dish
then inflated to make a 14-m diameter parabolic antenna. The Spartan/IAE
was observed to tumble slowly. The IAE was jettisoned at 1458 UTC (?) on
May 20. A day later at 1453 UTC on May 21, Canadian astronaut Marc
Garneau used the RMS arm to retrieve Spartan 207 from orbit, together
with its cameras which had filmed the IAE deployment.

On May 22 at 1018 UTC the PAMS STU (Satellite Test Unit) was ejected
from the TEAMS MPESS bridge in the Shuttle's payload bay. PAMS-STU is
intended to test out a passive aerodynamic stabilization and magnetic
damping system. At around 1500 UTC Endeavour returned to PAMS-STU in the
first of three rendezvous operations with the small satellite. A second
rendezvous was conducted on May 25 and the third on May 27.

Meanwhile, aboard the Mir complex, the EO-21 commander Yuriy Onufrienko
and flight engineer 1 Yuriy Usachyov made a spacewalk on May 24 at on
May 20 at 2250 UTC. The cosmonauts removed the US/Russian Mir
Cooperative Solar Array (MCSA) from its location on the exterior of the
316GK Stikovochnoy Otsek (Docking Compartment) and carried it to the
other end of  the complex using the Strela-2 crane. The MCSA was
attached to the 37KE Kvant module, opposite another panel which was
added last year. The EVA concluded at 0410 UTC on May 21 after 5h 20m.
The second spacewalk began on May 24 at 2047 UTC. Onufrienko and
Usachyov completed the installation of the MCSA and connected it
electrically. The spacewalk was concluded on May 25 at 0230 UTC. The
MCSA panel was deployed from its initial folded configuration on  May
25. (Source: C. v.d.Berg's Mir News).

Columbia was transferred to the VAB on May 21 and was mated
to the external tank for STS-78 on May 22.

Recent Launches
---------------

Orbital Sciences Corp. has had another launch success, placing the DoD's
MSTI-3 satellite in orbit aboard a Pegasus. The Lockheed L-1011 carrier
aircraft took off from Vandenberg Air Force Base's runway 30/12 and
proceeded to the drop point at 36 deg 0 min N, 123 deg 0 min W over the
Pacific. The Pegasus rocket was released and a few seconds later ignited
the first of its three stages. It is the 'Pegasus Hybrid' version,
a standard Pegasus with modified fins to accommodate the L-1011 carrier
plane instead of the original B-52. 

MSTI 3 will test out new sensor technology for ballistic missile
defense. The satellite is built by Spectrum Astro Inc, and carries three
sensors: a mid wave IR camera, a short wave IR camera, and a visible
imaging spectrometer. Its goal is to study the IR emission from the
Earth to determine if tactical ballistic missiles can be spotted during
their coast phase against the bright Earth background. Initial checkout
of the satellite is reported to have gone well.

The Galaxy 9 comsat was launched on May 23 by a  McDonnell Douglas Delta
7925 rocket from Cape Canaveral. The Hughes HS-376 satellite will
provide communications for the Hughes Galaxy network.
It has 24 C-band transponders which will be
used for cable TV feeds.

The Russian Space Forces launched a Krunichev Proton-K rocket on
May 25 with an RKK Energiya Blok DM-2 upper stage. The vehicle placed
an NPO Prikladnoi Mekhaniki `Gorizont' communications satellite
in orbit, reportedly nicknamed `Prezidentskiy' since it will provide
coverage
of the Russian presidential election campaign to Western Siberia and the
Ural region.

The initial orbit of the putative USA 119 payload, as derived by Rainer
Kracht from  amateur observations, was 312 x 622 km x 63.4 deg. The
payload was later found to have moved to a 1050 x 1150 km x 63.4 deg
orbit, characteristic of the US Navy ocean surveillance triplet
spacecraft. Four objects have been cataloged by Space Command, including
1996-29D = USA-122, but no orbital data have been officially released.

The Italian Satellite per Astronomia a raggi X has been renamed
BeppoSAX in honor of Guiseppe 'Beppo' Occhialini, a pioneer in Italian
gamma ray and cosmic ray astronomy.

The McDonnell Douglas/NASA DC-XA reusable vertical-landing