Fwd: Giove.........

From: George Olshevsky (george.olshevsky@gmail.com)
Date: Wed Dec 28 2005 - 11:14:58 EST

  • Next message: Greg Roberts: "Obs 27 Dec 2005"

    ---------- Forwarded message ----------
    From: George Olshevsky <george.olshevsky@gmail.com>
    Date: Dec 28, 2005 8:13 AM
    Subject: Re: Giove.........
    To: Bruce MacDonald <macdonalddevizes@tiscali.co.uk>
    
    
    Here is the New York Times report on the launch:
    
    Galileo Navigation Satellite Launched
    By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
    Published: December 28, 2005
    Filed at 9:26 a.m. ET
    
    PARIS (AP) -- The European Union launched the first satellite in its
    Galileo navigation program on Wednesday, which European officials
    expect one day will end the continent's reliance on the U.S. Global
    Positioning System.
    
    The Galileo satellite, named ''Giove A,'' took off from the Baikonur
    Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan aboard a Soyuz rocket. Journalists monitored
    the liftoff through a linkup at the European Space Agency headquarters
    in Paris.
    
    After the launch amid clear skies, the satellite was released into
    orbit and began transmitting signals, scientists said.
    
    The $4 billion Galileo project will eventually use about 30 satellites
    and is expected to more than double GPS coverage, providing satellite
    navigation for everyone from motorists to sailors to mapmakers.
    Because Galileo is under civilian control, the ESA also says it can
    guarantee operation at almost all times, unlike the American system.
    
    Last year, President Bush ordered plans for temporarily disabling GPS
    satellites during national crises to prevent terrorists from using the
    navigational technology.
    
    ''Galileo is made in Europe by Europeans,'' ESA spokesman Franco
    Bonacina said. ''If the Americans want to scramble GPS, they can do it
    whenever they want.''
    
    Galileo will also be more exact than GPS, with precision of about
    three feet, compared to about 16 feet with GPS technology, ESA
    spokesman Franco Bonacina said. With Galileo, for example, rescue
    services will be able to tell ambulance drivers which lane to use on
    the highway, he said.
    
    The satellite launch was originally scheduled for Monday but was
    delayed because of a technical problem in the ground station network.
    While in orbit, Giove A will test atomic clocks and navigation
    signals, secure Galileo's frequencies in space and allow scientists to
    monitor how radiation affects the craft.
    
    A second satellite named ''Giove B'' is scheduled to be placed in
    orbit this spring. Two more satellites will then be launched in 2008
    to complete the testing phase, which requires at least four satellites
    in orbit to guarantee an exact position and time anywhere on earth.
    
    Consumers are expected to be able to buy Galileo receivers in 2008,
    and they will be able to switch back and forth between GPS and
    Galileo, similar to how people can change between cell phone networks
    now, Bonacina said. The Galileo system should be fully functional by
    2010.
    
    Three non-EU nations -- China, Israel and Ukraine -- have also signed
    on to the program set up by the European Commission and the ESA.
    Discussions are also under way with India, Morocco, South Korea,
    Norway and Argentina, the EU says.
    
    The EU is to allocate an initial $1.2 billion from its 2007-2013
    budget to fund deployment and commercial operations of the satellite
    system. The private sector will contribute two-thirds of the funds for
    the project, which is expected to create more than 150,000 jobs in
    Europe alone.
    
    EU Transport Commissioner Jacques Barrot praised the program for
    benefiting both companies and ordinary citizens.
    
    ''Radionavigation based on Galileo will be a feature of everyday life,
    helping to avoid traffic jams and tracking dangerous cargos, for
    example,'' he said.
    
    Last year, the EU and United States struck a deal to make Galileo
    compatible with the U.S. GPS system, ending a trans-Atlantic feud over
    the issue.
    
    The Pentagon had initially criticized Galileo as unnecessary and a
    potential security threat during wartime, saying its signals could
    interfere with the next-generation GPS signals intended for use by the
    U.S. military.
    
    ------
    
    On the Net:
    
    http://www.esa.int/esaNA/galileo.html
    
    
    On 12/28/05, Bruce MacDonald <macdonalddevizes@tiscali.co.uk> wrote:
    >
    >
    > > Giove......Perfect  launch.....live broadcast from  Surry Satellite
    > Systems
    > > via Eutelsat 16 east.
    > > First signals acquired right on cue.
    > >
    > > John
    >
    > Video of the launch is available at the BBC news website:
    >
    >
    >
    > http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/4555298.stm#
    >
    > Nice launch.  I look forward to using Galileo systems in the future.
    >
    > Bruce
    >
    > Bruce MacDonald
    > COSPAR Site 2751
    > Devizes, Wiltshire, UK
    > 51.3440 N 1.9849 W 125m (WGS84)
    >
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