List of bright satellites

Rainer Kracht (r.kracht@elmshorn.netsurf.de)
Sun, 28 Dec 1997 20:10:11 +1

LIST OF BRIGHT SATELLITES

>From Ted Molcan's list of approx. 1300 satellites I have derived 
a list of the 50 brightest satellites.

I selected all satellites which are brighter than mag 3.65 at apogee.

This selection was done to include the Zenit R/B's at about 850 km
and to exclude GTO- and GPS transfer orbit-objects, which spend much
of their time near apogee (invisible to the naked eye).

The largest group among these 50 satellites is made of Zenit R/B's.
There are 15, all but one between 810 and 860 km.

The next largest group are the 10 Vostok R/B's.


The 15 Zenit R/B's are:

 16182   85097 B   Cosmos 1697 r        71.0    835     844  3.9 v   3.5  3.5
 17590   87027 B   Cosmos 1833 r        71.0    833     841  3.9 v   3.5  3.5
 17974   87041 B   Cosmos 1844 r        71.0    827     845  3.9 v   3.5  3.5
 19120   88039 B   Cosmos 1943 r        71.0    812     849  3.9 v   3.4  3.5
 19650   88102 B   Cosmos 1980 r        71.0    829     852  3.9 v   3.5  3.6
 20625   90046 B   Cosmos 2082 r        71.0    835     854  3.9 v   3.5  3.6
 22220   92076 B   Cosmos 2219 r        71.0    828     849  3.9 v   3.5  3.5
 22285   92093 B   Cosmos 2227 r        71.0    840     847  3.9 v   3.5  3.5
 22566   93016 B   Cosmos 2237 r        71.0    837     851  3.9 v   3.5  3.5
 22803   93059 B   Cosmos 2263 r        71.0    826     849  3.9 v   3.5  3.5
 23088   94023 B   Cosmos 2278 r        71.0    843     846  3.9 v   3.5  3.5
 23343   94074 B   Resurs 1-3 r         97.9    651     660  3.9 v   3.0  3.0
 23405   94077 B   Cosmos 2297 r        71.0    839     846  3.9 v   3.5  3.5
 23705   95058 B   Cosmos 2322 r        71.0    834     852  3.9 v   3.5  3.6
 24298   96051 B   Cosmos 2333 r        71.0    840     859  3.9 v   3.5  3.6


The 10 Vostok R/B's are:

 01844   65106 B   Cosmos 100 r         65.0    425     454  5.1 v   3.2  3.4
 04120   69084 B   Meteor 1-2 r         81.2    395     444  5.1 v   3.1  3.3
 05143   71031 B   Meteor 1-8 r         81.2    448     508  5.1 v   3.4  3.6
 07418   74066 B   Cosmos 673 r         81.2    396     417  5.1 v   3.1  3.2
 07969   75056 B   Cosmos 744 r         81.2    430     455  5.1 v   3.3  3.4
 08755   76024 B   Cosmos 808 r         81.2    395     419  5.1 v   3.1  3.2
 09854   77015 B   Cosmos 895 r         81.2    425     460  5.1 v   3.2  3.4
 10135   77061 B   Cosmos 925 r         81.2    440     470  5.1 v   3.3  3.5
 11252   79005 B   Meteor 1-29 r        97.3    477     486  5.1 v   3.5  3.5
 11458   79067 B   Cosmos 1116 r        81.2    465     511  5.1 v   3.4  3.6


The remaining 25 satellites are:

 10967   78064 A   Seasat              108.0    761     764  3.9 v   3.3  3.3
 11055   78094 A   Cosmos 1043          81.2    300     305  5.4 v   2.8  2.8
 16609   86017 A   Mir Complex          51.7    379     390  1.6 v  -0.5 -0.4
 20322   89089 A   COBE                 98.9    873     885  3.9 d   3.6  3.6
 20580   90037 B   HST                  28.5    603     623  3.0 v   1.9  2.0
 21147   91017 A   Lacrosse 2           68.0    659     668  3.6 v   2.7  2.7
 21148   91017 B   Lacrosse 2 Titan 4 R 68.0    360     451  4.8 v   2.6  3.1
 21225   91027 B   GRO                  28.5    508     515  4.3 d   2.8  2.9
 21701   91063 B   UARS                 57.0    573     581  4.2 v   3.0  3.0
 22878   93068 B   GPS 2-23 r1          35.1    432     493  5.0 v   3.2  3.5
 23907   96029 B   NOSS 2-3 Titan 4 R   63.4    334     490  4.8 v   2.4  3.2
 24294   96050 D   Magion 5 r1          62.7    262     609  3.9 v   1.0  2.8
 24670   96069 A   Cosmos 2335          65.0    402     416  4.2 v   2.2  2.3
 24874   97034 F   Iridium Delta R      82.7    249     491  5.0 v   2.0  3.5
 24877   97035 B   GPS IIR 3 r          37.7    173     455  5.0 v   1.2  3.3
 24927   97048 C   CZ 2C r Deb          86.2    194     325  6.0 d   2.4  3.6
 24970   97056 F   Iridium 19 R         83.6    265     472  5.0 v   2.1  3.4
 25017   97064 A   Lacrosse 3           57.0    670     676  3.6 v   2.7  2.7
 25018   97064 B   Lacrosse 3 Titan 4 R 57.0    430     664  3.5 d   1.7  2.6
 25063   97074 A   TRMM                 35.0    350     351  3.5 v   1.2  1.2
 25065   97074 C   ETS-7 H2 r           34.5    369     523  3.0 v   0.8  1.6
 25066   97074 D   TRMM debris          35.0    358     371  5.0 v   2.8  2.8
 25079   97077 C   Long March r         86.3    169     540  3.0 d  -0.9  1.7
 25080   97079 A   Cosmos 2347          65.0    406     412  4.2 v   2.2  2.3
 25095   97080 A   Cosmos 2348          67.1    165     363  4.5 d   0.6  2.3

 column 1 : norad number
 column 2 : international designation
 column 3 : name
 column 4 : inclination of orbit (deg)
 column 5 : height of perigee (km)
 column 6 : height of apogee (km)
 column 7 : standard magnitude (1000 km, 90 deg)
            d: estimated from the three dimensions of the satellite
            v: based on visual observations, most of them by Russell
               Eberst, and numbering in the hundreds for most objects
               or classes of objects
 column 8 : mag at perigee (phase 90 deg)
 column 9 : mag at apogee (phase 90 deg)


This list is updated about monthly at
http://home.t-online.de/home/R.Kracht/top50.htm.

Elsets for the 50 satellites are at
http://home.t-online.de/home/R.Kracht/nhellesa
(updated weekly)

 Rainer